Why MS Swaminathan is the Father of Green Revolution in India

MS Swaminathan

MS Swaminathan, known as the ‘Father of Green Revolution’ was born on August 7, 1925. Swaminathan developed high-yielding varieties (HYV) of wheat and later, promoted sustainable development which he called, the ‘evergreen revolution’

Some unknown facts you must know about MS Swaminathan:

  • In 1960s, India was on the verge of a mass famine. MMS Swaminathan along with Norman Bolaug and other scientists, developed HYV seeds of wheat
  • This development led to Green Revolution in India and Indian geneticist, Swaminathan was known as ‘The Father of Green Revolution’
  • MS Swaminathan did his Bachelor’s in Science in both Zoology and Agricultural Science.
  • Swaminathan made his decision of entering the field of Agriculture after experiencing the 1943 Bengal famine and the shortage of food in the country.
  • He has been credited for his research on potato, rice, wheat, jute etc.
  • Swaminathan served as the Director General of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (from 1972-1979) and International Rice Research Institute (1982-88)
  • In 1979, he was the Principal Secretary of Ministry of Agriculture
  • In 1988, MS Swaminathan became the President of International Union of the Conservation of Nature and Natural resources
  • In 1986, he was awarded Albert Einstein World Award of Science in 1986
  • In 1999, Time magazine listed Swaminathan in the list of most influential Asian people of the 20th century
  • The Indian government awarded Swaminathan, Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan, in 1967 and 1972

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