Objectives of organic and conventional farming

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Organic farming

A. Organization

1. Ecological orientation, minimising second economy. labour input.

2. Diversification, balanced combination of enterprises.

3. Stability due to diversification. 

B. Production

1.  Cycle of nutrients within the farm, predominantly farm produced materials. 

2. Weed control by crop rotation and cultural practices.

3. Pest control based on inoffensive substances.

4. Housing of livestock for production and health.

C. Mode of influencing life processes

1. Production is integrated into environment, building healthy landscapes. 

2. Balanced conditions for plants and animals ; few deficiencies need to be corrected. 

D. Social Values

1. Optimum input/output ratio. 

2. No pollution. 

3. Maximum conservation of soils, water quality and wild life. 

4. Holistic approach. 

Conventional farming

A. Organization

1. Economical orientation mechanization, efficient labour input.

2. Specialisation, disproportionate development of enterprises.

3. Programme based on market.

B. Production

1. Supplementing nutrients, predominantly bought in fertilizer.

2. Weed control by herbicides. 

3. Pest control by pesticides. 

4. Livestock rarely combined

C. Mode of influencing life processes

1. Emancipation of enterprises from their environment by chemical and technical manipulation. 

2. Excessive fertilisation, necessitating frequent correction of nutrient deficiencies.

D. Social Values

1. Low input/output ratio. 

2. Considerable pollution worldwide. 

3. Using up soil fertility often resulting in erosion and losses in water quality and wildlife. 

4. Economic motivation.

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