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Pests of sugarcane1) Shoot borer:

  • Chilo infuscatellus (crambidae) or early shoot borer
  • Number of feeding punctures near the base of shoot. Rotten portion of straw colored
    dead heart emits offensive odour. It can be pulled out eastly.

Control:

  • Earthing up during early stage.
    – Trash mulching
    – Trichogramma Chilonis

Soil application of Gammas HCH emulsion @ 1 kg a.i./ha over the cane sets in
famous at the time of planting Granulosis Virus can also be used

Pests of sugarcane

2) Top borer:

  • Scirphophaga excerptalis (Pryalidae)
  • Midrib tunnelling. Shot – holes on axial bud growth leaves, dead heart and can be
    pulled out easily and given bunchy top appearance, Acrial root formation.

Control:

  •  Avoiding of frequent irrigation
  • Carbofuran @ 1 kg a.i./ha synchronizing with brood emergence
  • Trichogramma japonicum
  •  Pre-pupal parasitoid Isotima Javensis

Resistant var: COJ67, CO 1007

Pests of sugarcane

3) Internode borer:

  • Chilo sacchaviphagus indicus (crambidac)
  • Attack starts from 4th months onwards. Internodes constricted and shortened with
    many bore holes: fresh bore holes with wet frass, stunted growth. Major pests in
    peninsular India. Hardening of internodes.

Control:

  • Detrashing at 5.7 & 9th months

T- chilonis @ 3.5 cc/ha/fortnight from 4th month until a month before harvest.

Pests of sugarcane
4) Gurdaspur borer:

  • (Crambidae) Acigone steniellea
  • Two phases: Gegarious phase – feed on first internode from to & may larvae enter
    into the core through single hole.
  • Solitary phase – dispersed to other came by silhen treads.
    5) White grub: Holotrichia consanguinea: H. Serrata. (Meloionthidae Anomula
    begglensis (Rutelinae)
  • Drying of crops : Yellowing & nibbling of leaves: roots eaten away.

Control:

  • Netarhizium onisopliae
  • Pudding & crop rotation
  • Popillae milky disease

Pests of sugarcane
6) Termites:

  • Odentotermes spp: Microtermes obesi
  •  Older leaves dry up first & cane falls down if disturbed.

Filled with moist soil inside the papery rind.

Pests of sugarcane

  • 7) Sugarcane scale: Melanaspis glomerate: (diaspridiadae)
  • Grayish block appearance of stem.
  • Reduced yield, juice quality of Jaggery production

Control:

Detrashing & Trash burning.

Pests of sugarcane

8) Leaf hopper:

  • Pyrilla perpusilla (Lophopidae) Yellowish white spots on leaves; sooty mould on later stages.
    Control:
  • Externel parasitoid: Epiricarlia melanoleuca (Ephpyropidae)
  •  Green muscardine fungus: Aceria sacchari (Eriophyidae)
  •  Forming a circular Ereneum gall in the inner side of the leaf sheath

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