Promotion of Agriculture Mechanization for In-Situ Management of Crop Residue
Launch Year: 2018
A Central Sector Scheme on ‘Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for In-Situ Management of Crop Residue in the States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and the NCT of Delhi’ is being implemented from 2018-19 to support the efforts of the governments of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and the NCT of Delhi to address air pollution and subsidise machinery required for in-situ management of crop residue.
Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Aim: Protecting the environment from air pollution and nutrient and soil microbial losses caused by crop waste burning.
• Protecting the environment from air pollution and nutrient and soil microbial losses caused by crop waste burning.
• Using suitable mechanization inputs to promote in-situ crop residue management by retaining and incorporating crop residue into the soil.
• Increasing the use of Farm Machinery Banks to hire in-situ crop residue management machinery on a bespoke basis to compensate for the unfavorable economies of scale that result from small landholdings and high individual ownership costs.
• Raising awareness of agricultural residue consumption and management among stakeholders through demonstrations, capacity-building events, and diversified Information, Education, and Communication techniques.
• Create Farm Machinery Banks or Custom Hiring Centers for in-field crop residue management equipment.
• Agriculture machinery and equipment procurement for in-situ crop residue management.
• Raising awareness of in-situ crop residue management through information, education, and communication
Structure of the Scheme
A) National Level
• High Level Monitoring Committee (HLMC) – The HLMC is led by the Office of the Secretary (DARE) and the Director General of the International Centre for Agricultural Research (ICAR). The committee will develop policies, give general direction and advice for the scheme’s execution, and prioritize activities and communication strategies that will meet the scheme’s goals and significant difficulties. The committee is also responsible for monitoring and reviewing the scheme’s development and performance.
• Executive Committee (EC) – The European Commission will be in charge of policy formulation. It will have the authority to establish and alter operating standards, with the exception of those impacting the funding pattern. The EC is led by the Department of Agriculture Cooperation and Farmers Welfare’s Additional Secretary (Mechanization and Technology).
• High Powered Committee (HPC) – HPC’s responsibilities include finalizing and periodically amending the specifications for crop residue management implements/machines, as well as assisting with the implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of various interventions in the scheme and providing feedback reports to the Executive Committee’s Member Secretary.
B) State Level
• State Level Executive Committee (SLEC) – The major responsibility of the SLEC is to review the Annual Action Plan developed by the State Nodal Department for the scheme’s execution. Through frequent meetings with nodal and other line departments, the SLEC will monitor the implementation of scheme components in the different States. Principal Secretary (Agriculture)/Agricultural Production Commissioner is in charge of the SLEC.
• At the state level, the Department of Agriculture is the nodal department for the execution of this plan.
C) District Level
• The District Level Executive Committee (DLEC) is in charge of carrying out the scheme’s objectives in terms of project development, execution, and monitoring. The Collector/Deputy Commissioner is in charge of the DLEC.
• ICAR institutes, State Agriculture Universities (SAUs), and Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) in the district will give technical assistance in the development, execution, and monitoring of the district action plan. Technical professionals will be supplied from these organizations to provide training to farmers and extension agents.
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